As required by law, the President has to submit a budget to Congress. President Donald Trump submitted and published a budget blueprint on March 15. In general, Trump requests increases in military spending and cuts to most agencies. The following is some of the highlights of what is being requested.
The budget will cut all funding for many independent agencies including the following.
- African Development Foundation
- Appalachian Regional Commission
- Chemical Safety Board
- Corporation for National and Community Service
- Corporation for Public Broadcasting
- Delta Regional Authority
- Denali Commission
- Institute of Museum and Library Services
- Inter-American Foundation
- U.S. Trade and Development Agency
- Legal Services Corporation
- National Endowment for the Arts
- National Endowment for the Humanities
- Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation
- Northern Border Regional Commission
- Overseas Private Investment Corporation
- United States Institute of Peace
- United States Interagency Council on Homelessness
- Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.
Department of Agriculture
- Overall, the department will see a reduction of 21% in funding.
- Reduces the funding of lower priority activities of the National Forest System such as land acquisition.
- Reduces funding for the USDA to collect statistics but maintains funding necessary for the Census of Agriculture.
- Eliminates Water and Wastewater loan and grant program.
- Reduces staffing of service center agencies and encourages privatization.
- Eliminates discretionary activities of the Rural Business and Cooperative Service.
- Eliminates the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education program
Department of Commerce
- Overall, the department will see a reduction of 16% in funding.
- Increases the budget of the US Census Bureau by $100 million for the 2020 census.
- Eliminates the Economic Development Administration.
- Eliminates the Minority Business Development Agency.
- Discontinues funding for Manufacturing Extension Partnership
- Eliminates funding for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA) grants and programs.
Department of Defense
- Overall, the department will see an increase of 10% in funding.
- Undoes the defense sequester and the increases are meant to strengthen the military.
- Addresses readiness and rebuilding of military after 15 years of conflict.
Department of Education
- Overall, the department will see a reduction of 13% in funding.
- Increases investments in public and private school choice.
- Maintains funding for IDEA programs to support students with special education needs.
- Eliminates Supporting Effective Instruction State Grants program.
- Eliminates the 21st Century Community Learning Centers program.
- Eliminates the Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant program.
- Reduces Federal Work-Study significantly.
- Funding to TRIO programs is reduced.
- Eliminates or reduces categorical programs such as Striving Readers, Teacher Quality Partnership, Impact Aid Support Payments for Federal Property, and International Education programs.
Department of Energy
- Overall, the department will see a reduction of 5.6% in funding.
- Restarts licensing activities for the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste
- Provides funding for Environmental Management program to clean up waste and contamination.
- Eliminates the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, the Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program, and the Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing Program.
- Eliminates the Weatherization Assistance Program and the State Energy Program.
Department of Health and Human Services
- Overall, the department will see a reduction of 17.9% in funding.
- Reduces the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH) spending.
- Reforms key public health, emergency preparedness, and prevention programs.
- Eliminates health profession and nursing training programs.
- Eliminates the discretionary programs within the Office of Community Services. This includes Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and the Community Services Block Grant (CSBG).
Department of Homeland Security
- Overall, the department will see a 6.8% increase in funding.
- Includes funding for a physical barrier on the southern border.
- Allocates funds to hire more Border Patrol Agents.
- Increases funds for detention, transportation, and deportation of illegal immigrants.
- Allocates funds for a mandatory E-Verify Program.
- Allocates funds for cyber security of Federal networks and infrastructure.
- Eliminates or reduces State and local grant funding for programs administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
- Eliminates and reduces unauthorized and underperforming programs administered by TSA.
Department of Housing and Urban Development
- Overall, the department will see a 13.2% decrease in funding.
- Eliminates funding for the Community Development Block Grant program.
- Eliminates funding for a number of lower priority programs, including
the HOME Investment Partnerships Program, Choice Neighborhoods, and the Self-help Homeownership Opportunity Program.
- Increases the budget for the mitigation of lead based paint.
- Eliminates funding for Section 4 Capacity Building for Community Development and Affordable Housing.
Department of the Interior
- Overall, the department will see a 12% decrease in funding.
- Eliminates unnecessary, lower priority, or duplicative programs including Abandoned Mine Land grants, National Heritage Areas, and National Wildlife Refuge.
- Funds the DOI’s U.S. Geological Survey.
Department of Justice
- Overall, the department will see a 3.8% decrease in funding.
- Increases funding for counterterrorism, counterintelligence, and Federal law enforcement.
- Allocates funds for hiring more immigration judge teams, border enforcement prosecutors, and deputy US Marshals.
- Allocates funds for hiring attorneys for seizing land to secure the southern border.
- Increases funds for holding Federal detainees.
- Eliminates spending on outdated programs including State Criminal Alien Assistance Program.
- Increases bankruptcy-filing fees.
Department of Labor
- Overall, the department will see a 21% decrease in funding.
- Expands Reemployment and Eligibility Assessments.
- Eliminates the Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP).
- Focuses the Bureau of International Labor Affairs on ensuring that U.S. trade agreements are fair for American workers and eliminates is grant funding.
- Improves Job Corps.
- Decreases support for job training and employment service formula grants.
- Eliminates some grants of the Office of Disability Employment Policy.
- Eliminates training grants of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
Department of State
- Overall, the department will see a 28% decrease in funding.
- Provides funds to meet the security assistance commitment to Israel.
- Eliminates the Global Climate Change Initiative and the Green Climate Fund.
- Shifts some foreign military assistance from grants to loans.
- Reduces funding to the UN and affiliated agencies.
- Eliminates the Emergency Refugee and Migration Assistance account.
- Reduces funding for the Department of State’s Educational and Cultural Exchange (ECE) Programs.
- Reduces funding for multilateral development banks, including the World Bank.
Department of Transportation
- Overall, the department will see a 13% decrease in funding.
- Shifts air traffic control from the FAA to the private sector.
- Reduces federal subsidies to Amtrak.
- Limits funding for the Federal Transit Administration’s Capital Investment Program (New Starts) to projects with existing full funding grant agreements only.
- Eliminates funding for the Essential Air Service (EAS) program.
- Eliminates funding for TIGER discretionary grant program.
Department of the Treasury
- Overall, the department will see a 4.1% decrease in funding.
- Eliminates funding for Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFI) Fund grants.
- Reduces workforce.
Department of Veteran Affairs
- Overall, the department will see a 6% increase in funding.
- Provides resources for supporting care for veterans.
- Increases discretionary funding for VA health care to improve patient
access and timeliness of medical care services.
- Extends and funds the Veterans Choice Program.
- Invests in information technology to improve the efficiency and efficacy of VA services.
Environmental Protection Agency
- Overall, the department will see a 31% decrease in funding.
- Discontinues funding for the Clean Power Plan, international climate change programs, climate change research and partnership programs.
- Reins in Superfund administrative costs.
- Reduces EPA’s Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance budget.
- Reduces Categorical Grants.
- Eliminates funding for specific regional efforts such as the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, the Chesapeake Bay, and other geographic programs.
- Eliminates more than 50 EPA programs including Energy Star; Targeted Airshed Grants; the Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program; and assistance to Alaska Native Villages and the Mexico Border.
- The overall funding of the department will be mostly unchanged.
- Supports and expands public-private partnerships.
- Funds Planetary Science program.
- The Budget terminates four Earth science missions (PACE, OCO-3, DSCOVR Earth-viewing instruments, and CLARREO Pathfinder) and reduces funding for Earth science research grants.
- Eliminates the Office of Education.
- Strengthens NASA’s cybersecurity capabilities.
Small Business Administration
- Overall, the department will see a 5% decrease in funding.
- Eliminates SBA grant programs including PRIME technical assistance grants, Regional Innovation Clusters, and Growth Accelerators.
- Provides training and support services for transitioning service members and veterans to promote entrepreneurship and business ownership.
References and Further Reading
- America First: A Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again (PDF)
- Here’s what Trump’s budget proposes to cut
- Advocates Say Trump Budget Cuts Will Hurt Country’s Most Vulnerable
- Trump flips science the bird with new budget
- Trump budget would end federal funding for arts endowment, PBS